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Historical Relationships

Between Freedmen of the 5 Civilized Tribes

To The Osageng the options from the toolbar.

And Allied Ethnic Tribal Groups In The Indian Territory

The Journey Of Two Finleys: Angela and Regina

Part 3

"The Trust Relationship Cannot Be Divided

Due to

our By-Blood Relationship, Lineal Descent

and Participation in Aspects of Tribal Life and Business"


By Angela Finley Molette

(Tuscaloosa Ohoyo) Black Warrior Woman

If You’re From One of the 5 Civilized Tribes, You’re From All of Them”

(Freedmen Genealogists Colloquialism)

Although truthfully that statement could be expanded further (generally) to explain;

“If you’re an Indian Freedmen from Oklahoma, you’re from the Tribes... All of Them!”

Ethnic Indian Groups In The Osage Domain?

Finley Heritage

Timeline: Mississippi Indian Country, Pre-1830

1 Generation: Ot-hi-e-tu (Chickasaw Full Blood)

Progenitor/Owner of: John Findley

1 Generation: Hon-thi-lay aka Hotee (Chickasaw Full Blood)

Progenitor/Owner of: Lucy Findley

2 Generation: John and Lucy Findley

Note: John, unknown death date, before 1898

My Father was a humble, practical, humorous, stern, smart and down-to-earth man. He tolerated my sisters, brothers and I with great humanity and came to terms easily with my spiritual calling to tell the world about who he was and the particulars of the hidden heritage of his people. Even as a teenage Dad and young man, he was very responsible and wise beyond his years, the same can be said about my Mother.tions from the toolbar.

My Father and mother married when she was just 15 and he was 16, but had known each other from early childhood. Their marriage lasted beyond 50 years and ended only at that point due to our Dad’s rude victimization by a rare mesenteric form of cancer for which there is no known cure. He passed away in February of 2009, yet throughout his illness, physical weakness, chemo and radiation therapy remained elegant, regal, classy and lucid, still leading and teaching even as he learned. My Dad was truly an inspiration to others.

Readers shall soon find from whence comes his regality and nobility.

You see, Oklahoma, prior to Indian Removal was scouted and settled by his people, the delegation of the last Hereditary Chief of the Chickasaw Nation. They were literally the Advance Party charged with putting their stamp of approval on Oklahoma, the land at the end of the Trail of Tears. So, when I tell you that this land is my land, I mean it with every fiber of my being.

Therefore, the Genealogy of My Father’s Tribe represents a significant contingent of the legally correct families and legitimate heirs of the original tribal Nations in the Congressionally set-aside domain of the Indian Territory (Congress, 1832).

But he is Black, you’ll say!…Yes he was and the 1885 Chickasaw Nation Census carefully described My Father’s people as “Black and Red,” two very natural, distinct and necessary colors of the great aboriginal families of humanity, preserved by the sacred icons of the 4 directions. Most tribes had persons of similar description in their own Nations by never held them out as distinct, different or Freedmen. They were simply members of the Tribe.

Tribes are social divisions of people, a society or division of a society whose members have ancestry, customs, beliefs, and leadership in common.

In a very real sense, the Trail of Tears was about color and about the resettlement of Indigenous People, torn away and forced to leave the safety of their carefully chosen ancestral domain to make way for a viral expansion of Whites in our native land.

Our parents lovingly provided all 5 of their children (throughout our lives), every opportunity to learn all about our world, including broad and specific social issues, national politics, our place and relationship to the world, people and our true history. We were shaped by many incidents, travels and encounters that beckoned and invited us to learn all about infinite and limitless space, geography and who begat whom, to the beat of Mississippi Delta and Beale Street Blues that found such a high degree of welcome in Oklahoma and among transplanted Ethnic Native American Okie’s in California.

It is against this Blues-soaked backdrop that I bring forth my Father’s Tribe, after having already done the same for my Mother‘s people. Coincidently, it turns out that both my Paternal and Maternal lines were impacted distinctly by this Nation’s 1830 Indian Removal Policy, forcing Indians off the aboriginal domain and ancestral lands of their fathers, including Black Indian Towns and Temples of Heaven.

In the Finley Heritage narrative are genealogical lines beginning with Ot-hi-e-tu and Hon-thi-lay. Following will be intriguing information on Amelia Findley Clark’s “owner” Stick-i-yon-katubby (Ish-tick-i-yon-ka-tubby, also Ish-te-ke-yo-ka-tubby), Scott Findley, Mose Findley, Liza Findley, Sylvia Findley and their brother, Thomas Sealy-a name also found among the 1830 Delegation comprising the Chickasaw Advance Party.

The 1830 Chickasaw Treaty, Article 7 names the Chickasaw Survey Delegation entrusted with the awesome duty to ensure that the lands their Nation traded with the United States were worthy enough to settle their people upon. The land would be named Oklahoma in their native language. “The lands west of Mississippi was described as ‘a country‘, west of the territory of Arkansaw, to lie South of latitude thirty-six-degrees and a half, and of equal extent with the one ceded; and in all respects as to timber, water and soil.”

The 1830 Chickasaw Survey Delegation consisted of the following persons;

Art. 7. “The delegation having selected the following persons, as worthy their regard and confidence, to wit;-Ish to yo to pe, To pul ka, Ish te ke yo ka tubbe, Ish te ke cha, E le paum be, Pis te le tubbe, Ish tim mo lat ka, Pis at tubbe, Im mo hoal te tubbe, Ba ka tubbe, Ish to ye tubbe, Ah to ko wa, Pak la na ya ubbe, In hie yo che tubbe, Thomas Seally, Tum ma sheck ah, Im mo la subbe, Am le mi ya tubbe; Benjamin Love and Malcomb McGee.”

Ish to yo to pe (Ishtehotopih) was the last Hereditary Chief of the Chickasaw Nation, because the reigns of the nation (according to natural law of hereditary descent) was slated to be turned over to the Black and Red descendants of the last Hereditary Chief, but that was against the backdrop of Jim Crow and a burgeoning Mixed Blood-White-Indian Class of former Confederate Sympathizers. Voting For Chiefs in the Chickasaw Nation is a modern construct arising in the 1970s among the gentrified White Mixed Bloods in their reorganized federally chartered tribe, sans Freedmen or their eligibility to rule.

Note: Ish to yo to pe *(spelling used by “Ishtehotopih” by Chickasaw Freedmen Band)


1830s Indian Removal

From Mississippi To Tobaksi (Coal County) Oklahoma Indian Territory

United Ishtehotopih Band of the Chickasaw Nation

1 Generation Ot-hi-e-tu and Hon-thi-lay (Hotee) (Chickasaw)

2 Generation John and Lucy Findley (Chickasaw)

-3 Generation-Children of John and Lucy Findley -

1. Amelia Findley Clark, age 54 in 1898 (owned by Atata, and Stick-i-yon -katubby aka (Ish te ke yo ka tubbe).

2. Scott Findley, age 47 in 1898 (owned by Culberson Harris).

3. Mose Findley,

4. Liza Findley Plummer

5. Sylvia Finley

6. Thomas Sealy (son of Lucy Findley), age 37 in 1898. Child of Lucy Findley and Father Morgan Sealy (Chickasaw), owned by Morgan Sealy (his Father). (aka Sealey)

Genealogical Note(s)

Findley-Finley Family Descendant Groups (Chickasaw)

Finley Family Descendant Group #1-John and Lucy Findley‘s daughter:

Amelia Findley Clark

Finley Family Descendant Group #2-John and Lucy Findley‘s son:

Scott Findley

(217 3692 Finley Scott Chickasaw Freedman)

Finley Family Descendant Group #3-John and Lucy Findley‘s son:

Mose Findley

Finley Family Descendant Group #4:-John and Lucy Findley’s daughter:

Liza Findley Plummer

(217 640 Findley Liza Chickasaw Freedman)

Finley Family Descendant Group #5-John and Lucy Findley‘s daughter:

Sylvia Finley

Finley Family Descendant Group #6-Lucy Findley and Morgan Sealy’s son:

Thomas Sealy

Too Lengthy For Placement. For More Information Order Your Copy Today.

Sample of Names and Surnames of Associated or Allied Families;

Ot-hi-e-tu, Hon-thi-lay (Hotee), Atata, Ish-te-ke-yo-ka-tubbe, Sealy (Seally, Sealey), Findley, Finley, Clark, A-na-ty, Merriman, Monroe, Plummer, Forrester, Ward, Hays, Brown, Harris, Stevenson, Perry, Yo-cubby, Tyson, Stick, Smith, Wolf, Burdine (Birdine), Burden, Cheadle, Colbert, Keel, Allen, Frazier, Arther, Arthur, Bonham, Warford, Bonds, Jackson, Johnston, Hawthorne, Hartshorne, Harthan, Burton, Moody, Sasser, Whitaker, Thrist (Triche), Thomas, Mitchell, Carter, Tucker, Leatherman, Raysor, Nazario, Philips, Richardson, Bush, Israel, Molette, Honeywood, Joshua, Duncan, Fortson, Underwood, Ramey, Romero, Mercado, Skank, Levinson, Robinson, Mercado, Carthledge, McCellian, Tillis, Dixon, Harrison, Black, Trammell, Mishontambe, Missiontubby, Folsom, Harkins, Burris, Donegay (Doneghay), Gulley, Graham, Williams, Hill, Gumbs, Mythen, Bowers, Lawson, Johnson, Glover, Brasswell, Cleckly, LaBarge, Jaramillo, Benson, Famui, Henderson.


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