Black Indians United
Black Indians United Legal Defense and Education Fund
5 Tribes Embassy
1866 Treaties-Ethnic (Black) Indians and Freedmen
My Father's Tribe II: Online Excerpts
(The distance between Nandi, Fiji and Montego Bay, Jamaica is 7532 miles as the crow flies, or '6545 nautical miles, separated by the American mainland...however, a certain uniformity in thick hair and Dredlock styles were observed in the Etnic Black Aboriginals...from sea to shining sea!)
"Easter Island (Rapanui, Isla de Pascua)-is a territory of Chile midway between Tahiti and South America. The Spanish called it Isla de Pascua "Easter Island", but to isand inhabitants it's Rapa Nui."
In 1480, the Inca Ruler Tupac Inca Yupanqui toured the Pacific
and "found Black People on Easter Island.")
Mixtec are the Ñuudzahui and ÑuuTnoo Huahi Andehui means, "Black Town Temple of Heaven". The Mixtec Codices were hidden and protected by a Mulatto Priest descended from the Mixtecs (Santo de Guzmán, founder of the Dominican Order), in an effort to spare them the miserable and debilitating demise suffered by other tomes of irreplaceable history destroyed in the mass book burning campaign carried out by the Spaniards after 1521.
Guzmán, hid the documents in the castle at Mitla, but was charged with heresy and put on trial by the Spaniards, which is how their existence was confirmed for the modern age. Each Codex contributes to the depiction of 400+ years of Royal Genealogy particular to the Mixtec, including the birth of Lord Eight Deer. It also describes the "War of Heaven (referring to a pivotal battle for control of the Black Town Temple of Heaven).
"8 Deer" provides clear reference and a vital clue connecting Mixtec to the continuing generations of the ancients of Peru.
The Dominican Priest Santo de Guzmán was a lineal descendant of the Royal Mixtec Rulers-Lords of Mexico, and he was identified as a Mulatto. The Codices were protected and maintained by their living descendant until taken away by Europeans. The good thing about the official transcript and trial record is that it identifies each Mixted Codex, as based on actual genealogies of real people and their progeny. The trial proved that the Mixtec Codices were more than anecdotal histories, they were Holy Books of an actual people that included Black Aboriginals. They were taken away and disburse about Europe (including the Vatican) in an effort to erase the memory of succeeding Generations of their Royal Black Aboriginal descendants.
The Descendants of Ophir, son (or grandson) of Noah-settling the Americas (surmised ancient Scholars affiliated with Ethnology in America) were a Brother and Sister (the Deer). Her female descendants were the Coya, Mamaconas, or "Deer"-protected by Luminabi, on the order of Atahualpa (so mentioned in the narratives of Pizarro and his men, those responsible for the death of the ruler Atahualpa of Peru).
**More later on the existence of Aboriginal Luminabi (meaning, illumination or light), whose name and mission was co-opted later by Euro-Christians for their own use, which has since grown to mythic proportions.
Unions between the Coyatl and the Olmecs created "Coyotes" or Mixtec Peoples. For their protection Coyotes, other Indios and their Indigenous Black Indian descendants were moved into Baja and Alta California with Priests, all becoming founders of the Missions in North America.
(My book provides additional information on the Mission settlements in Mexico, California, Arizona, Mississippi, Carolina and other areas).
Baja, Alta California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma and the Gulf were chosen because it was the extreme Alta Sonora, gateway to el Norte, where the phenotype of the Coyotes meshed closely with the large Ethnic Indigenous Aboriginal population already inhabiting California and adjoining environs, meaning the Coyas could blend easily into the surrounding Native population, virtually undetected.
The Coyote in Native legends was a changling or shape-shifter (in allegory).
The Oklahoma domain inhabited by our Choctaw and Chickasaw ancestors was once known as Tatilcoya, which gave up hidden clues when Whites plundered our ancient burial mounds in 1933. The burial mounds were located on the allotted lands of Ethnic (Black) Choctaw Freedmen, Rachel Brown. Found inside were so many treasures that people at the time, referred to it as King Tut's Tomb in the West. The pounds of pearls (claimed by Tiffanys of New York) and indigenous stone from none other place than Veracruz, along with feathered robes worn by Royals (stomped on by callous plunderers), in addition to a multitude of arrowheads, were icons and images still in use by Choctaws that could only be found elsewhere among the ancient Mixtec of a land known as Mexico. Many findings were taken to the Smithsonian Institution.
Through the Mississippian ancestors, we find connections from the Aboriginal Nations of the new world back to the most ancient of old worlds- through the heart of my people, which is why it is imperative that our people bring forth the story of the Ethnic Indigenous Aboriginals of the Americas.
-Chief Angela Finley Molette (Tuscaloosa Ohoyo) Black Warrior Woman
First Australoid-Africoid Aboriginal
More ancient than Bering Strait Emigrants, 10,000+ miles south of that passage.
“we were blown away by the results.” “It was inconceivable that we had ancient negroid skulls. We expected to find Mongoloid populations, with features characteristic of our Indians.”
-Walter Neves, Smithsonian Institution-Comments on the Discovery of Luzia at Lagoa Santa, Brazil, National Geographic Magazine, 2003.
Circa: A.D. 1250-1470
Royal Ceremonial Fabric.
A close-up of ancient Chimu Fabric reveals intersecting prehistoric cultures, One Black, One Red.
Olmecs were the Ancient Civilization of Mexico, the First Great Proprietors of the
Americas, the Mexican Mother Culture. They called themselves “Xi” (Chi-Muu). They have also been called Xi-Calanca, Coyoacan, Coyotl Huacan and the Men of Pedregal.
Olmecs and the Coyohuacan, have been known over the years by
many names; the Coyotl, Coyotes, Mixtec, Texcoco, Chichimechas and
Acolhuacán. The Olmecs are largely associated with their monumental art objects known as the Olmec Heads. Giant Basalt Rock carvings that once littered the beaches at LaVenta.
Mixtec Codex-PreHispanic Tilantongo (Mexico)
Maya-Mixtec Codex Vindobenesis
circa 950-1100 A.D.- Mixtec (or Ñuudzahui). One of the Principal Villages of these people was called: Tilantongo (Ñuu Tnoo-Huahi Andehui) or “Black Town Temple of Heaven. Codex Nuttal cast the Mixtec as antagonists in a conflict called the War of Heaven. It was home to the Palace of Lord Eight Deer (Depicted in the Codices).
Fijians-With Hairstyles Depicted in Mixtec Codices (Meso-American)
These Native of Fiji, circa 1870-1880s, wore their hair in a style depicted in the Mixtec Codex (circa 950-1100 A.D.)
Pericu-Loreto, Baja, San Diego, California
"Pericus, Dieguinos, Guaycuras, Coras and Cochimis were names used by these natives, depending upon which side of the U.S./Mexican border one's studies arise. The three celebrated Elders pictured were in attendence of the 1893 rededication of Mission San Luis Rey. Their parents had been Mission Indian Builders in 1778.
Called San Dieguitos by Malcolm J. Rogers (The First San Diegans), they were also referred to also as Dieguenos or Luisenos.
Pericu-Loreto, Baja, San Diego, California
Original Settlers of Mishongnovi, with inhabitants in Oraibi too.
"Mishong", the name of their Great Chief, referred to "Black Man."
Mission Natives-San Jose, California
Miwok Moquelumnan circa, 1803-1807-Tilesius von Tilenau, Wilhelm Gottlieb (1769-1852), German Artist Kruzenshtern/Rezanov/Langsdorff Expedition-(Similar to Papuan types).
Papua refers to, "Fuzzy Hairs".
Very similar in type to Miwok Mission Natives documented 77 years earlier in California by a Russian Expedition.
Circa 1850. Full Blood Modocs seated with 2 Creoles (one of whom is Winema', credited with negotiating the surrender of her Modoc Elders). Winema was married to one of the White men pictured. The Tribe was eventually resettled among the Quapaw in what was then called Arkansas Territory (Oklahoma).
Tasmanians-Similarity to Modocs (California)
Last Full Blood Tasmanians at Oyster Cove. One creole female in center of group, Marian Arther.
Cowichan Warrior, 1880s
wearing Headdress similar to those worn by Aboriginal Australians (Corroboree Dress) at Peak Creek).
These proficient mariners wore elaborate Headdress, labrets (nose piercings) and large gorgets as breastplates, which were all seen in use by Natives on the American Mainland.
Our ancestral story was so vast and virtually untouched in the modern age that it was very hard to choose an appropriate place to begin our public Education program. Being of paternal Choctaw and Chickasaw extraction, it was natural for me to choose and set my focus on the ancient origins of those giving rise to Choctaw and Chickasaw beginnings. The oldest origin stories for those Nations began oddly enough “in the West,” so ferreting out the origins of Ethnic Chickasaws and Choctaws in particular, required me to begin west of Oklahoma in order to bring the Black Indian Story front and center.
Starting with historical documentation from the U.S. Bureau of Ethnology, stored in the Library of Congress with a few old copies kept in places around Oklahoma, introduced me to the field of Ethnology that grew and gave rise to the Smithsonian Institution. In fact, it had been the discoveries and notes of the Smithsonian’s earliest Directors, Archaeologists, Anthropologists, Field Researchers and Book writer’s providing the lions share of leads, for which to follow.
Authorized by a Congressional Enactment and mandate to begin a federally funded study to document (for posterity) the vanishing Aboriginal populations of North America and “the Wild Tribes of Mexico,” in the 1880s,inaugural Smithsonian Ethnologists and affiliates fanned out to begin new jobs working with the tribes, collecting information from scholarly resources and eyewitnesses, including the military to document the historic existence of the various nations of tribes throughout the land. The only bump in the road seemed to come from Political interests hoping that the studies would prove that Native American Tribes had developed in isolation, without parental influence from any other historic cultures relative to “the old world.”
Regardless, the Ethnologists were (initially) determined to document the tribes using their own origin stories and lore, while desperately trying to tune out politically motivated Long story short; Smithsonian Ethnologists documented tribal accounts as given, but were unable to overcome racially biased motivation behind political pressure to tout “isolation theories,“ instead of tribes developing under “parental influences from other cultures.“ Why, you ask? U.S. Politicians (Europeans) were determined not to promote the fact that their “New World” was actually discovered (not solely by Bering Strait emigrants), but also by Proto-cultures (first in time, earliest, original ancestors), such as Lapita, Australians, New Zealanders, Tasmanians, Melanesians, Polynesians, Ethiopians (Africans), Egyptians, Carthaginians, Phoenicians, Canarians, Olmecs, Moors, even Mosque Cultures-Mariners every one. These are all theories postulated by the Ethnologists as having had much earlier contact than Europeans. However, their discoveries were not provided for general educational use in American School Books.
Yet, early incursion with exogenous DNA contributions would appropriately explain the great diversity of tribes in the Americas, from Alaska to Brazil. Otherwise we must admit that the Creator placed (purposefully) the great Diversity of mankind, along with flora and fauna in every place, so that even without incursions, the Tribes would have still developed as diverse as they were originally. Either way, the development of unique cultures settling new lands makes them Aboriginal, Indigenous to that particular place and pre-existing. As for the Americas, melanated (Black) Aboriginals and Indigenous Peoples, all predate Europeans in the Hemisphere.
Therefore, decisions about who is and who's not a so-called (“Indian”), is not anyone's choice to make. Linguistically, our story is about Aboriginals, Indigenous Peoples, First Nations and Native Cultures. The word “Indian” is used to placate America, due to persistent use, adoption as a description of beneficiaries and legal language in a myriad of documents referring to the first peoples of the Hemisphere (including my own ancestors).
Curiously, it would be the first Director of the Smithsonian’s obsession with the “Maya and Mixtec Codices” that provided a crucial link between the Mixtec and the very lands in Oklahoma that nourished the souls of my ancestors, eventually giving life to me, my mission, spirit journey and tremendous sacrifice of time that brings me full circle to you, for our combined edification.
Happily, attending an inter-tribal Pow wow held in New York, 2005 led to a serendipitous meeting with a young Zapotec man and his girlfriend, who began asking me innocent, yet heartfelt questions about Aztec dancers in attendance and the unintended offense, outrage and anger he felt at the Christian images on their regalia. Their intense interest in that part of his past led me to further discoveries about the Olmec Mother Culture, their descendants and connections to Black Indigenous Peoples of the Americas, Peru, Chile and Melanesia. After our intriguing discussion, the youngman revealed to me that his Zapotec Grandmother was Black. You will be among the first, besides him to review the amassed information that supports his ancestral revelation.
In effect, I gave the young man and his girlfriend a very in-depth orientation on the Olmecs, and what the Maya and Mixtec Codices suggested, but cautioned that even my studies remained incomplete at the time. I was able to talk about the Olmec Mother Culture of Mexico, the Maya and Mixtec Holy Books, including the icons found within them pertaining to their aboriginal religion, religious deities, and ancestor worship.
Most people don’t realize that many other descendant groups, like the Zapotecs can thank the Olmecs for their own birth, because they were the progenitors of many other Nations of Indians of the Americas. Descendant groups of the Olmec, includes; Natives of Mexico, certain indigenous groups in Honduras, Guatemala and Nicaragua; the Mission Settlers of Baja and Alta California, Arizona, New Mexico and beyond, clear through to Oklahoma and perhaps into the interior of what is known as the American South.
Following that meeting was when I began working on a new book, which I called, My Father’s Tribe II: Black Town Temple of Heaven, completed in 2009.